BELAJAR ENGLISH

1. TO BE
A. It has 3 funtions :

1. To explain noun ( kata benda )
He is an engineering staff. Dia(lk) adalah staf enginering.
This is your master key. Ini Adalah kunci utama anda.
2. To explain adjective ( kata sifat )
She is very tired today. Dia(pr) sangat lelah hari ini.
You are so smart. Kamu sangat pandai.
3. To explain adverb of place or time etc. ( keterangan waktu atau tempat ).
I am in my room. Saya didalam ruangan saya.
We are at office now. Mereka di kantor sekarang.

B. It has two types : Dua jenis.

1. Present situasion : am, is, are. ( hari ini )
Am ~ I.
Is ~ She,he,it, etc.
Are ~ We ,they, you, my friend ,etc.
2. Past situation : Was, were ( lalu )
Was~ I, she, he, it. Example: Where were you at 8 am.
Were~ You, we, they. Example: I was at sandalwood.

C. The formula :

( + ) Subject + tobe + noun or adjective or adverb of place. etc.
( – ) Subject + tobe + not + noun or adjective or adverb of place. etc.
( ? ) Tobe + subject + noun or adjective or adverb of place. etc.
Example :
( + ) The meeting is very annoying.
Acara ini sangat membosankan.
( – ) The meeting is not very annoying.
Acara ini tidak membosankan.
( ? ) Is the meeting very annoying?
Apakah acara ini sangat membosankan?

PLEASE SAY INTO GOOD ENGLISH !!!

1. Apakah dia ( laki-laki ) staff security ? Is he a security staff?
2. Apakah pekerjaan ini sulit ? Is it worked difficult?
3. Mereka tidak ada disini tadi pagi . They were not here this morning.
4. Mereka tidak disini sore ini . They are not here this afternoon.
5. Apakah anda bekerja disini? Do you work here?
6. Apakah anda security staff ? Are you a security staff?
7. Apakah anda pegawai disini ? Are you employee in here?
8. Apakah anda sudah punya janji sebelumnya , pak/ ibu .?
Do you have an appointment before, sir / madam?

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2. MODALS ( AUXILIARY VERB )
KATA KERJA BANTU.

Here are some : Must ( harus ) tegas. Can ( dapat ), and able to (mahir)
May ( boleh ). Shall ( akankah ). Should ( seharusnya )
Have to or has to ( harus ) kurang tegas.

THE FORMULA:
( + ) Subject + modal + verb 1 + complement.
( – ) Subject + modal + not + verb 1 + complement.
( ? ) Modal + subject + verb 1 + complement.

EXAMPLE :
1. We can handle this problem ourselves.
Kita dapat mengatasi masalah kita sendiri.
2. You should go to doctor now.
Kamu seharusnya pergi kedokter sekarang.
3. May I offer you something to drink?
Bolehkah saya menawarkan kepada anda sesuatu
Untuk diminum.?
4. They must wear uniform during the working hour?
Mereka harus memakai seragam saat jam kerja.

PLEASE SAY INTO GOOD ENGLISH !!!
1.Anda seharusnya memaafkan saya.
You should forgive me.
2.Bolehkah saya membatu anda.
May I help you?
3.Kami tidak bisa datang ke kelas bahasa inggris
Sekarang.
We cannot come to the English training now.
4.Dapatkah anda menyelesaikan proyek ini tepat waktu.?
Can you finish this project on time?

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3. THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE. ( kegiatan sehari-hari )

It is used to show your daily and repeated activity.
Until now I don’t have question. ( Sampai sekarang saya tidak mempunyai pertanyaan. )

C. The Formula :

( + ) Subject + verb1 + complement.
( – ) Subject + do/does + not + verb1 + complement.
( ? ) Do/does + subject + verb1 + complement?

NOTE :

Please use : S or ES for the verb of the third singular person in positive sentence.
Example : She calls……, He goes…,.My father comes.

Does : She, He, it, etc. Do : I , We , You , They , My friend, You and I etc.

EXAMPLE :

1. They go to The Pakubuwono residence everyday.
Mereka pergi ke Pakubuwono Residence setiap hari.
2. I make a financial report to my department every month.
Saya membuat laporan keuangan untuk departemen saya seiap bulan.
3. Your boss asks you to see him at 1 pm today.
Bos anda menanyakan anda untuk bertemu beliau jam satu siang hari ini.
4. We pray five times a day.
Kita melaksanakan salat lima kali sehari.
5. Maria goes to the church with her family on Sunday.
Maria pergi ke gereja bersama keluarganya hari minggu.

PLEASE SAY INTO GOOD ENGLISH !!!

1. Apakah anda bekerja setiap hari ? Do you work every day?
2. Engineering department menerima complain setiap sore ?
Engineering department get complaint every afternoon.
3. Dia ( lk ) tidak datang ke unit anda pagi ini.
He doesn’t come to your unit this morning.
4. Mereka menerima gaji setiap bulan.
They get/take salary every month.

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4. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE.

It is used to show your past activity , started and finished in the past.
Yesterday , 2 day ago , ago.

THE FORMULA :
( + ) Subject + Verb2 + Complement.
( – ) Subject + Did + Not + Complement. .
( ? ) Did + Subject + Verb1 + Complement.
Adverb of time : Yesterday, last week/year , two days ago. Etc.

I saw him yesterday. Saya melihat di(lk) kemarin.
I did not see him yesterday. Saya tidak melihat dia (lk) kemarin.
Did you see him yesterday? Apakah kamu melihat dia (lk) kemarin.?

EXAMPLE :

1. I worked until 9 pm last night.
Saya kerja samapai jam 9 malam tadi malam.
2. We joined the seminar at hotel mulia yesterday morning.
Kita bergabung dalam seminar di hotel mulia kemarin pagi.
3. The manager interviewed a new employee for two hour this morning.
Manejer menginterview karyawan baru selama dua jam tadi pagi.
4. She hated the memory of her former husband.
Dia (pr) membenci tentang suaminya dahulu.
5. They faced a very difficult problem in their family seven month ago.
Mereka

PLEASE SAY INTO GOOD ENGLISH !!!

1. Apakah anda sudah menerima invoice, bu ?
Did you get the invoice , Madam. ?
2. Saya tidak menelepon anda tadi pagi.
I didn’t call you this morning.
3. Kami datang ke Pakubuwono Residence kemarin.
We came to the Pakubuwono Residence yesterday.

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5. THE SIMPLE COUNTINOUS TENSE.
Kegiatan sedang berlangsung.

THE FORMULA :

( + ) Subject + am/is/are + Verb + ing + Complement.
( – ) Subject + am/is/are + Not + Verb + ing + Complement.
( ? ) Am/is/are + Subject + Verb + ing + Complement.
Adverb of time : Now , this morning , at present etc.

EXAMPLE :

1. I am working now.
Saya sedang bekerja sekarang.
2. They are checking the broken bathtub in unit 4407 right now.
Mereka sedang mengecek bathtub yang retak di unit 4407 sekarang.
3. We are studying English in this room now.
Kami sedang belajar bahasa inggris di ruangan ini sekarang.
4. He is making an important report this morning.
Dia sedang membuat laporan penting pagi ini.
5. Mr. Andi is repairing ceiling of the balkon.
Pak Andi sedang memperbaiki ceiling balkon.

PLEASE SAY INTO GOOD ENGLISH!!!

1. Kami sedang bekerja saat ini.
We are working now.
2. Apakah anda sedang belajar sekarang.?
Are you studying now.?
3. Mereka sedang memperbaiki ac di unit 007.
They are repairing ac in unit 007.
4. Dia ( PR ) sedang mendengarkan saya .
She is listening to me.
5.Apakah anda sedang mencari sepeda anak anda, bu ?.
Are you looking for your kid’s bike, madam.?
Did you find your bike ,madam.? ( ini Bentuk past tense )
Apakah sepedanya sudah ketemu, bu .?

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6. THE SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
It is used to show your future actifity.

THE FORMULA
( + ) Subjeck + shall / will + verb 1 + complement.
( – ) Subjeck + shall / will + not + verb 1 + complement.
( ? ) Shall / will + subjeck + verb 1 + complement.

Adverb of time : tomorrow, tomorrow night, next week, next year, etc.
Shall = She, I, we, he, it. Will = All subjeck.

EXAMPLE :

1. We will go to Bandung tomorrow morning.
Kita akan pergi ke Bandung besok pagi.
2. She shall join the meeting on time.
Dia (pr) akan ikut rapat tepat waktu.
3. I will report to you about this asap.
Saya akan lapor kepada kamu tentang asap ini.
4. They will love working at the Pakubuwono residence.
Mereka akan senang bekerja di Pakubvuwono.
5. Mr. Brown will higher position next month.
Tuan Brown akan mendapatkan posisi lebih tinggi bulan depan.

PLEASE SAY INTO GOOD ENGLISH !!!

1. Apakah anda akan datang kesini lusa.?
Will you come here the day after tomorrow.?
2. Kami akan memperbaiki lantai anda sore ini , pak.
We will repair your floor this afternoon, sir.
3. Saya akan pergi segera ke unit anda, bu.
I will go to your unit soon , madam.
4. Besok, mereka akan menerima gaji.
Tomorrow, they will get salary.
5. Saya akan mencintai kamu selamanya..
I will love you forever.

PENAMBAHAN RUMUS FUTURE TENSE.

SUBJECT + SHALL OR WILL + BE + NOUN + COMPLEMENT.
ADVERB OF PLACE
ADJECTIVE
EXAMPLE :
1. I will be a chief security next month.
Saya akan menjadi seorang pimpinan security bulan depan.
2. He shall be here on time.
Dia ( lk ) akan kesini tepat waktu.
3. Don’t be late to eat because you will be sick.
Jangan terlambat makan karena kamu akan sakit.
4. Will you get salary next month. ?
Apakah anda akan menerima gaji bulan depan.?

UNTUK KATA KERJA TIDAK BOLEH PAKAI BE

4. Will you go to your unit now, sir.?
Apakah anda akan pergi ke unit anda sekarang , tuan ?
5. Will you replace me to night. ?
Apakah kamu akan menggantikan saya malam ini.?
6. I will put letter into mailbox this afternoon.
Saya akan meletakkan surat di kotak surat sore ini.
7. Will you work over time to night.?
Apakah kamu akan kerja lembur malam ini. ?
8. Will you get dinner to night.?
Apakah kamu sudah makan malam.?
9. Have you get lunch. ?
Apakah kamu sudah makan siang.? ( Bentuk perpect tense )

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7. THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE.

A. Dipakai untuk menyatakan perbuatan yang sedang terjadi pada waktu lampau tetapi masih ada hubungannya dengan waktu sekarang.
Example:

> I have lived in Jakarta since 1996.
Saya tinggal di Jakarta sejak 1996 ( artinya sekarang juga masih di Jakarta )
> She has worked at the Pakubuwono Residence since 2006.
Dia (pr) telah bekerja di Pakubuwono sejak 2006. ( sekarang juga masih kerja di
TPR ).

B. menyatakan perbuatan yang telah terjadi
Example:
You have read my letter.
Kamu telah membaca surat saya.

THE FORMULA :

( + ) Subject + have or has + verb 3 + complement.
( – ) Subject + have or has + not + verb 3 + complement.
( ? ) Have or has + Subject + verb 3 + complement?

Example :

I have arrived since this morning.
Saya telah tiba sejak tadi pagi.
You have given me your love.
Kamu telah memberi padaku cintamu.
Sarah has made the monthly report for her department.
Sarah telah membuat laporan bulanan untuk departemennya.
We have studied English since at Elementary School.
Kami telah belajar bahasa inggris sejak Sekolah Dasar.
I have called Blue Bird taxi for you since this morning.
Saya telah memanggil taxi blue bird untuk anda sejak tadi pagi.
Mr. Budi has repaired the glass door of back ground lobby.
Pak Budi telah memperbaiki pintu kaca belakang lobby.
I have called driver to stand by in front in the lobby.
Saya sudah memanggil supir untuk siap didepan lobby.
I have brought this trolley for you madam.
Saya telah membawa trolly ini untuk anda , Bu.
Enginering department has repaired AC in unit 15 B.
Eng. Dept. telah memperbaiki pendingin udara di unit 15 B.
I have revised package to Sandalwood tower .
Saya telah menerima paket untuk tower sandal.
I have worked around seven mornings until seven nights.
Saya telah bekerja sekitar jam tujuh pagi sampai jam tujuh malam.

PLEASE SAY INTO GOOD ENGLISH!!!

Saya telah tinggal di Jakarta sejak 1995.
I have lived in Jakarta since 1995.
Apakah anda telah mendaftar dibadminton court sebelumnya, pak.?
Have you registered in badminton before, Sir?
Kami telah menghubungi anda sejak tadi pagi,Bu.
We have called you since this morning, Madam.
Apakah anda sudah mempunyai janji sebelumnya, Tuan.?
Have you had an appointment before, Sir?

Example:
Maaf, Bu . Siapakah nama anda.?
Excuse me; may I have your name, Madam?
Ibu Fitri, Apakah anda sudah mempunyai janji dengan bapak Eko sebelumnya.?
Madam Fitri, have you had an appointment with mister Eko before?
Maaf, Dapatkah anda bicara perlahan.?
Excuse me, can you speak slowly?

Via videophone:
Excuse me; you have a female quest in the ground lobby. Her name is madam Fitri . She said, she has had an appointment with you. Can she come up to your unit now, Sir?
Maaf, anda mempunyai seorang tamu wanita di lobby ground. Namanya adalah ibu Fitri. Dia berkata , dia telah mempunyai janji dengan anda. Dapatkah dia naik ke unit anda sekarang , Tuan.?

Excuse me, TRO is going to office. >Maaf, TRO sedang pergi ke kantor.
Excuse me; TRO is out of the lobby. >Maaf, TRO sedang tidak ada ditempat.
Excuse me, TRO is not around here. >Maaf, TRO tidak ada ditempat.

Do you have a message to TRO, Mom? >Apakah anda punya pesan untuk TRO,Bu.?
Later, I will ask TRO to call you. >Nanti, Saya akan menyampaikan kepada
TRO untuk menghubungi anda.

Excuse me, may I have your unit number, Sir.?
Maaf, Bolehkah saya tahu unit anda ,Tuan.? >pertanyaan untuk tenant.
Excuse me, which number unit are you going to. ?
Maaf, ke unit manakah anda akan pergi.? >bukan tenant.

> Maaf, Bu. Kemarin ada paket untuk anda dari Negara anda. Tetapi anda tidak ada ditempat, lalu paket tersebut kami kembalikan ke kantor pos.
– Mengapa anda kembalikan kepetugas pos.?
+Maaf,Bu. Karena ada biayanya. Tetapi anda bisa mengambil kembali paket itu di kantor pos.

> Excuse me, Madam. Yesterday you get a package from your country, but you weren’t in your unit, so we gave back to Mr. Postman.
– Why did you return it to Mr. Postman?
+ Excuse me, because you get charge for that. But don’t worry Madam; you can come to the post office fatmawati to get your package back.

Excuse me; I cannot help you, because I am alone here / only me here.
Maaf, saya tidak dapat membantu anda, karena saya sendirian disini / hanya saya disini.

Well / Don’t worry, Madam. I will (send/call/ask/inform) Enginering staff to (handle/fix/repair) your complain.
-Baik/Jangan khawatir, Bu. Saya akan ( mengirimkan/memanggil/menyampaikan) kepada staff ENG untuk ( mengatasi/memperbaiki) keluhan anda.

Excuse me, Madam. The store is still closed, Will opened at 8 am.
Maaf, Bu. Toko sedang tutup, akan buka nanti jam 8 siang.
The store is out of aqua. > Toko sedang kehabisan aqua.

Excuse me, Sir. TRO don’t tell me to call/order taxi.
Maaf, Tuan. TRO tidak menyampaikan kepada saya untuk memanggil/meminta taxi.
Okay,Sir. I call taxi from out side, just wait here..
Baik , Tuan . Saya akan memanggil taxi dari luar. Silahkan tunggu disini saja.

——-0——-

8. ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES.
It is used to show you’re the same opinion with your interlocutor about something, like hobby, habit. Etc. Interlocutor = lawan bicara.

A. SO and TOO for positive sentences.

Example:
Faris loves his mother very much.
I love his mother very much.

So~ Faris loves his mother and so do I
Too~ Faris loves his mother and I do too.

1. Saya suka bahasa inggris dan mereka juga.
I like English and so do they.
I like English and they do too.
2. Rumah pak Yanto sangat jauh dari sini demikian juga dengan rumah pak Amin.
Mr. Yanto’s house so far from here and so is Mr. Amin’s house.
Mr. Yanto’s house so far from here and Mr. Amin’s house is too.
3. Dia (pr) bekerja di Pakubuwono Residence demikian juga dengan anda.
She work in the Pakubuwono Residence and so do you.
She work in the Pakubuwono Residence and you do too.
4. Saya sangat lelah dan dia (lk) juga.
I am very tired and so is he.
I am very tired and he is too.

B. EITHER and NEITHER for negative sentences.

Example:
He didn’t come to the office last week >Dia(lk) tidak datang ke kantor minggu lalu.
We didn’t come to the office last week.>Kami tidak datang ke kantor minggu lalu.
Either ~He didn’t come to the office last week and we didn’t either.
Neither ~He didn’t come to the office last week and neither did we.
Dia(lk) tidak datang ke kantor minggu lalu dan kami juga.

RUMUS :
~ And Subject + Auxilary + Not + Either.
~ And Neither + Auxilary + Subject.

——-0——-

9. EXCLAMATION
It is used to express something good or bad.
Ini digunakan untuk mengexpresikan yang baik atau yang buruk.

THE FORMULA :

A. How + Adjective + Simple Sentence.
B. What + a/an + Adjective + noun + Simple Sentence.

Example :

You are very kind to me. > Anda sangat baik kepada saya.
~How kind you are. > Alangkah baiknya anda.
~What a kind man you are.
Keterangan :
~You are = Simple Sentence.
~Kind = Adjective.
Abu Ahmad is very generous. > Abu Ahmad sangat dermawan.
~How generous Abu Ahmad is. > Alangkah dermawannya Abu Ahmad.
~What generous he is.
Keterangan :
~Abu Ahmad is = Simple Sentence
~Generous = Adjective.
~How poor you are > Alangkah kasihannya kamu.
~How beautiful you are. > Alangkah cantiknya anda.
~How thirsty I am. > Alangkah hausnya saya.
~How far your house is. > Alangkah jauhnya rumah anda.
~How rebellious you are. > Alangkah pembangkangnya kamu.
Handsome(tampan),beautiful/pretty( cantik )sinonim lebih halusnya adalah nice looking.

PLEASE CHANGE INTO EXCLAMATION!!!

1. This job is very boring. >Pekerjaan ini sangat membosankan.
~How boring this job is. >Alangkah membosankan pekerjaan ini.
2. The movie is very interesting to us. >Film itu sangat menarik.
~How interesting the movie is. >Alangkah menariknya film itu.
3. Your boss is a nice person. >Bos anda adalah seorang yang menarik.
~How nice your boss is. >Alangkah menariknya bos anda.
4. I am very tired to day. >Saya sangat lelah hari ini.
~How tired I am to day. >Alangkah lelahnya saya hari ini.
5. TPR employees are very helpful to tenants.>Karyawan-karyawan TPR sangat penolong kepada para penghuni.
~How helpful TPR employes are to tenants. >Alangkah penolongnya karyawan-karyawan TPR kepada para penghuni.
6. Your house is very sophisticated. >Rumah anda sangat modern.
~How sophisticated your house is. >Alangkah modernnya rumah anda.
7. He is very stingy to himself. >Dia(lk) sangat pelit kepada dirinya.
~How stingy he is to him self. >Alangkah pelitnya dia(lk) kpd dirinya.
8. Our boss is a fussy woman. >Bos kami adalah seorang wanita cerewet.
~How fussy our boss is. >Alangkah cerewetnya bos kami.

Talk active adalah cerewet yang positif. ( teacher,instruktur )
Fussy adalah cerewet yang negative.

-How thirsty I am. >Alangkah hausnya saya.
-How far your house is. >Alangkah jauhnya rumah kamu.
-How rebellious you are. >Alanhkah pembangkangnya kamu.

ADJECTIVE + LY = ADVERB.

Angry ( marah ) + ly = angrily (dengan marahnya).
Kindly = dengan baiknya.
Patienty = dengan sabarnya.
Stickly = dengan tegasnya.
Passionately = dengan bernafsu.
Shily = dengan malunya.
Sadly = dengan sedihnya.
Hopefully = dengan harapnya.
Aggressively = dengan agresifnya.
Stubbornly = dengan keras kepalanya.
Excitedly = dengan senangnya.
Politely = dengan sopannya.
I won’t come, I said stubbornly.
~Saya tidak akan dating, saya berkata dengan keras kepalanya.
Be responsible to your job.
~Tanggungjawablah dengan pekerjaanmu.
Run quickly = berjalan dengan cepatnya.

KETERANGAN PEMAKAIAN LY DAN BE.

~Pemakaian LY harus ada kata kerjanya.
Example: Speak patiently ( berkata dengan sopannya )

~Pemakaian BE hanya untuk kata perintah dan disertai adjedtive.
Example: Be patient please. ( silahkan dengan sopan

———0——–

10. IMPERATIVES.

Dibagi 2 :
1. Command ( Perintah )
~Please take/have a seat on sofa. >Silahkan duduk di sofa.
~Please don’t take/have a seat on sofa. >Silahkan jangan duduk di sofa.

2. Request ( Permintaan )
~Would you please take/have a seat on sofa. >Silahkan anda duduk di sofa.
~Would you please not take/have a seat on sofa. > Silahkan anda jangan duduk di sofa.

POSITIVE.
~Command ( Please + Verb Word + Complement )
Please tell me.
~Request ( Would you please + Verb Word + Complement )
Would you please tell me?

Examples : Please come in time to the English training.
-Tolonglah datang sebelum waktunya training bahasa inggris.

Bentuk Requestnya : Would you please come in time to the English training.

Please have a seat.
-Silahkan duduk.
Would you please have a seat.
Please be nice to tenents.
-Would you please be nice to tenants. “+ be hanya to adjective”
NEGATIVE
~Command ( Please don’t + Verb word + Complement. )
Please don’t tell anyone.
~Request ( Would you please not + Verb Word + Complement. )
Would you please tell anyone.

Example:

1. Please don’t smoke.
~Would you please not smoke?
Silahkan jangan merokok.
2. Please don’t talk during the training.
~Would you please not talk during the training?
Silahkan jangan berbicara selama training.
3. Please don’t be late to work.
~Would you please not be late to work? “Too difficult=sangat sulit “
Silahkan jangan terlambat untuk kerja.
4. Would you please not ride bicycle in the lobby.
Silahkan jangan dinaiki sepedanya di lobby.
5. Would you please not pass this way still under progress?
Silahkan jangan lewat jalan ini masih ada pengerjaan.
6. Would you please not pass this floor still slippery?
Silahkan jangan lewat lantai ini karena masih licin.
7. Would you please not put your stuffs here?
Silahkan jangan meletakkan barang anda disini.
8. Would you please not stand here?
Silahkan jangan berdiri disini.
9. Would you please return the trolley to the lobby?
Silahkan kembalikan trolleynya di lobby.

HOSPITALITY = BIDANG JASA.
PAY IN ADVANCE = BAYAR DIMUKA.
IMPULSE BUYING = BESAR PENGELUARAN DARIPADA GAJI.
STUFF = BAGUS STUFFS = BARANG
GOOD = BAGUS GOODS = BARANG
BELONGING = KESERTAAN, BELONGINGS = BARANG KEPUNYAAN.

NOTE; TOO OR TO.
~Kalau to diikuti kata kerja (verb). Ex: to work.
~Kalau too diikuti adjective ( kt. Sifat ). Ex: too difficult = sangat sulit.

Excuse me; Sir let me help you. ( maaf tuan, beri saya kesempatan membantu anda )
Remind = ingatkan aku.
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11. QUESTION TAG
( EKOR KALIMAT )

A. Study these examples

a. You haven’t seen Gusti today, have you?
b. No, I am afraid not.

a. It was a good film, wasn’t it?
b. Yes, I really enjoyed it.

***Normally we use a negative question tag after a positive sentence.***
Positive sentence positive tag
He will be here soon won’t he?
You work here don’t you?

***And a positive question tag after a negative sentence***
Negative sentence Positive tag
They don’t like him, do they?
She won’t be late, will she?

B. Exercise
Put a question tag on the end of these sentences

1. Tom won’t be late, will he? ~Tom tidak akan terlambat, yaa kan?
2. You are tired, aren’t you? ~Kamu lelah, yaa kan?
3. You have got a camera, haven’t you? ~Kamu telah mendapatkan kamera, yaa kan?
4. She can speak German, can’t she? ~Dia dapat berbicara bahasa Jerman, yaa kan?
5. I am too patient, aren’t I? ~Saya sangat sabar, yaa kan?
6. He doesn’t know me, does he? ~Dia tidak tahu saya, yaa kan?
7. This project is very difficult, isn’t it? ~Proyek ini sangat sulit, yaa kan?
8. We will see you soon, won’t we? ~Kita akan bertemu anda segera, yaa kan?
9. Our class English is fun, isn’t it? ~Kelas bhs inggris kita menyenangkan, yaa kan?
10. She must face her problem herself, musn’t she? ~Dia harus menghadapi masalahnya sendiri, yaa kan?
11. You are mr.Bill, aren’t you? ~Anda tuan Bill, yaa kan?
12. You are his wife, aren’t you? ~Anda istrinya, yaa kan?
13. You will go to Bandung tomorrow, won’t you? ~Anda akan pergi ke Bandung besok, yaa kan?
14. You work in the Pakubuwono,don’t you? ~Anda kerja di Pakubuwono, yaa kan?
15. You hanged out at citos last night, didn’t you?
~Kamu nongkrong di citos kemarin malam, yaa kan?

——–0——–
Disetiap awal pembicaraan yang sopan selalu harus diawali dengan excuse me atau I am sorry.

1. Membutuhkan waktu satu jam untuk menyelesaikan laporan bulanan ini.
~It takes one hour to finish this monthly report.
2. Kami akan menjamin keselamatan barang-barang anda di Pakubuwono Residen ini.
~We will guarantee the safety of your stuffs in the Pakubuwono Residence.
3. Alangkah disiplinnya anda membayar tagihan bulanan ini.
~How disciplined you are to pay your monthly bill.
4. Silahkan jangan parkir kendaraan anda disini, tetapi disebelah sana!
~Would you please not park your car here,but over there!
5. Silahkan jangan memakai sepatu anda disini!
~Would you please not wear your sneaker in this area!
6. Silahkan duduk yang tenang di kursi anda!
~Would you please stay cool on your own chair!
7. Siapakah yang sedang anda cari?
~How are you looking for?
8. Dimanakah unit teman anda?
~Where is your friend unit?

—————–0—————-

12. DEGREE OF COMPARISON
(Tingkat perbandingan )

A. It consists of 1. Positive degree (tingkat biasa)
2. Comparative degree (tingkat perbandingan lebih)
3. Superlative degree (tingkat perbandingan paling)

NOTE: Degree comparison is made by adjective / adverb.
(dibuat hanya oleh kata sifat atau kata keterangan)

B.It has four categories.
1. If an adjective / adverb consists of one syllable ( satu suku kata ), so add er for comparative and est. for superlative.

Positive degree Comparative Superlative
Young ( muda ) younger (lebih muda) The youngest(paling muda)
Great (hebat) greater The greatest
Rich (kaya) richer The richest

*He is younger than I am. ( dia lebih muda daripada saya )
*I am older than you are. ( saya lebih tua daripada kamu )

2.If an adjective / adverb consists of two syllables (dua suku kata), and the word ended by ( some, ow, le, r, y ) so add er for comparative and est for superlative.
Positive degree comparative superlative
Handsome ( tampan ) handsomer The handsomest
Narrow ( sempit ) narrower The narrowest
Humble ( rendah hati ) humbler The humblest
Clever ( pintar ) cleverer The cleverest
Happy ( bahagia ) happier The happiest

*She is the cleverest woman. ( dia adalah wanita yang paling pintar )

3.If it consists of two or more syllable ( dua suku kata atau lebih ), add more for comparative and most for superlative.
Positive degree comparative superlative
Beautiful (cantik) More beautiful The most beautiful
Difficult (sulit) More difficult The most difficult

*His job is more difficult than our job.(pekerjaan dia lebih sulit daripada pekerjaan kami)
*This is my smartest kid. ( ini adalah anak saya yang paling pintar )
***Kalau dibentuk superlative sudah ada personal pronounnya(kata ganti orang) maka tidak ditambah dengan “ the”. ***

4.Irregular verb.
( kata kerja tidak beraturan )
Positive degree Comparative Superlative
Good ( baik ) Better Best
Bad/sik ( sakit ) Worse Worst
Many/much ( banyak ) more most

*I fee better now.

Please say into good English!!!

1. Security staff lebih banyak daripada Enginering staff.
~Security staff is more than Enginering staff.
2. Bekerja dengan orang lain lebih mudah .
~Work with other people is easier.
3. Bahasa inggris lebih mudah daripada bahasa cina.
~English language is easier than Chinese language.
4. Proyek ini lebih sulit.
~This project is more difficult.

Belum = not yet.

WH- question
Kata-kata Tanya

1. Who — Asking for subject.
Who took the newspaper this morning? ( Past tense )
Siapakah yang mengambil koran tadi pagi?
Who can help me? ( modals )
Siapakah yang dapat menolongku?
Who teaches you?
Who’s incharge now?
Who’s your lider?
Who are you looking for? ( siapakah yang sedang anda cari )
**Penambahan “ s “ dipakai jika jawabnya tunggal.**
Who needs you? ( satu yang butuh )

2. What—Asking for something, name, job, time, etc.
What is it? ( apakah ini? )
What are this? ( bentuk jamaknya )
What is your job? ( apakah pekerjaan kamu )

3. When—-Asking for time.
When did you lose your hand phone? ( kapan kamu kehilangan hpmu )
When will you come back/return? ( kapan anda akan kembali? )
When did you take the newspapers? ( kapan kamu mengambil koran? )
When did you come/arrive? ( kapan kamu kembali/tiba? )
When can you help me? ( kapan kamu dapat membantuku? )
When you need a taxi, sir? ( kapan anda butuh taxi,tuan? )

4. Where—-Asking for place.
Where are now? ( dimana kamu sekarang? )
Where did you life? ( dimana kamu tinggal? )
Where were you last positions? ( dimana posisi kamu sebelumnya?

5. Why—-Asking for reson ( alasan )
Why do you come here? ( mengapa kamu dating kesini )
Why do you work? Because I need money. (Because of money)

6. Whom—–Asking for object.
With whom did you go to the internet café yesterday?
~Dengan siapa anda pergi ke internet kemarin?
With whom are you incharge to day?
~Dengan siapa kamu bertugas hari ini?
With whom will yoou go tomorrow?
~Dengan siapa kamu akan pergi besok?
With whom did you work yesterday?/ Whom did you work with yesterday?
~Dengan siapa kamu kerja kemarin?

7. Which—–Asking for choice ( pilihan )
Which trolley do you want, sir? The small one or the big one.
( Trolly yang mana yang anda inginkan, tuan? Yang kecil atau yang besar.)

8. How——Asking for transportation.
How do you work everyday? By bus./ by walk.
~Dengan apa kamu kerja setiap hari? Naik bis./ jalan kaki.
Pengembangan How…..
~How old ( menanyakan umur )
~How far ( menanyakan jarak )
~How long ( menanyakan ukuran panjang / berapa lama / waktu )
~How deep ( menanyakan kedalaman )
~How many ( menanyakan jumlah benda yang dapat dihitung )
~How much ( menanyakan jumlah benda yang tidak dapat dihitung )

9. Whose——-Asking property
-Whose locker key is this? ( punya siapakah kunci loker ini )
-Whose mobile phone is this ? ( punya siapakah hp ini )

———–0———–

13. The use of one (s), another, others, and the other (s).

a. One and ones are used to replace the noun (s) mentioned before. One is for singular and ones for plural.

One and ones —substitute ( menggantikan )
I have two jobs, one is for me and one is for you.
I have three jobs, one is for me and ones are for you.
Which one ( yang mana )
Which trolley do you want ? the small one or the big one.
*trolly yang mana yang anda inginkan? Yang kecil atau yang besar.

Example:
*Sofie : What do you thing? Shall I buy the red blouse, mom.
*Mom: The blue one will look better on you.
*Mom: What about these sneakers? They are nice.
*Faris: No way, mom. The ones over there are really cool.

b. Another means an additional one or one more, others is the plural form, means additional ones or more.

Another and others—–additional ( minta tambahan )
The apple s is very sweet. I need another one, please. ( saya minta satu lagi )
I need others/other ones/apples ( banyak )
Another time ( satu kesempatan )
Others time ( banyak kesempatan )
Another—–belum kita punyai.
The other—sudah kita punyai.
I need another job. ( saya membutuhkan pekerjaan tambahan )
I need another one/patner.——satu saja.
I need other patners/ friends/ ones/ others——jamak.
Where are the others. ( mana yang lainnya ) —–banyak
Where is the other one. ( mama yang satunya )—Cuma satu.

*Custumer : This bag has scratch on it. Can you show me another ( one ), please?
*Sales : sure

c. The other or the other one refers to the second of two things.
*Atri: Have you got a birthday gift for your lover?
*Vera: yeah, two ties. One is silk ad the other is cotton.
The other and the others—–the rest. ( sisanya )
I have four wives, one is Jakarta, and the others are in java.
Saya mempunyai empat istri, satu di Jakarta, sisanya di jawa.

d. The others or the other ones refers to two or more things.
* A cashier: Would you like this cash?
* A tenant: no, do you have some other?

Exercise:
Please put the correct one mentioned above!!
1. We have three interesting jobs. Two are for us and the other/one is for you.
2. Yesterday I bought ten boxes of envelope ad I only see one box to day, where are the others?
3. This ice cream cone is very tasty. Would you give me another one, please?

———0———

14. I WISH I KNEW……..
( seandainya saya tahu / saya harap saya tahu )
Contrary to the fact / reality ( bertentangan dengan fakta )

We use wish to say that we regret something, that something is not as we would like it to be.

SUBJECT + WISH + SUBJECT + VERB 2 + COMPLEMENT.

SUBJECT + WISH + SUBJECT + WERE + COMPLEMENT.
NOUN / ADVERB / ADJECTIVE.

Example:
1. I wish I knew Paul’s phone number. Seandainya saya tahu nomer telepon Paul.
~Kenyataan: I don’t know it and I regret this. (saya tidak tahu itu dan saya menyesalinya)
2. I wish I had an umbrella. ( seandainya saya mempunyai sebuah payung )
~Kenyatan: I don’t have an umbrella.
3. You wish you could fly. ( seandainya kamu dapat terbang )
~Kenyataan: You can’t fly.
4. I wish I loved you. ( seandainya saya mencintai kamu )
~Faktanya: I don’t love you.
5. I wish I didn’t love you. ( seandainya saya tidak mencintai kamu )
~Faktanya: I love you.
6. I wish you were here. ( seandainya kamu disini )
~Faktanya: You aren’t here.
7. I wish I were the owner. ( seandainya saya seorang pemilik unit )
~Faktanya: I am not an owner.
8. I wish she were my wife. ( seandainya dia istri saya )
~Faktanya: she isn’t my wife.
9. I wish I were a good husband. ( seandainya saya seorang suami yang baik )
~Faktanya: I am not a good husband.
10. I wish I were rich. ( seandainya saya kaya )
~Faktanya: I am not rich.
11. She wish she could sing well. ( seandainya dia dapat bernyanyi dengan baik )
~Faktanya: She can’t sing well.
12. I wish I saw you yesterday. ( seandainya saya bertemu/melihat kamu kemarin )
~Faktanya: I didn’t see you.
13. I wish you called me. ( seandainya kamu menghubungi saya )
~Faktanya: you don’t call me.
14. I wish I could take you to the unit. ( seandainya saya dapat mengantarkan anda ke unit )
~Faktanya: I cannot take you to the unit.
15. I wish my salary ten million rupiahs. ( seandainya gaji saya sepuluh juta rupiah )
~Faktanya: My salary isn’t ten million rupiahs.
16. I wish I were in Bandung. ( seandainya saya di Bandung )
~Faktanya: I am not in Bandung.

Exercises.

Write sentences beginning I wish………

1. I don’t know many people here. ( saya tidak tahu banyak orang disini )
~I wish I knew many people here. ( seandainya saya tahu banyak orang disini )
2. She doesn’t love him anymore. ( dia tidak mencintainya lagi )
~I wish she love him. ( seandainya dia mencintainya )
3. It rains a lot here. ( banyak hujan disini )
~I wish it didn’t rain a lot here. ( seandainya tidak banyak hujan disini. )
4. We can’t go to pakubuwono now. ( kita tidak dapat pergi ke pakubuwono sekarang )
~I wish we could go to pakubuwono now. ( seandainya kita dapat pergi ke pakubuwono sekarang. )
5. They live in a big city. ( mereka tinggal di kota besar )
~I wish they didn’t live in a big city. ( seandainya mereka tidak tinggal di kota besar )
6. I don’t know anything about cars. ( saya tidak mengetahui segalanya tentang mobil )
~I wish I knew something about cars. ( seandainya saya mengetahui sesuatu
tentang mobil )
7. Mr. Wahyono isn’t here. ( tuan Wahyono tidak disini )
~I wish He were here. ( seandainya dia ada disini )
8. My job take lots of energy. ( pekerjaan saya memerlukan banyak tenaga )
~I wish my job didn’t take lots of energy. ( seandainya pekerjaanku tidak memerlukan banyak energy )
9. He enjoys working here. ( dia menikmati kerja disini )
~I wish he didn’t enjoy working here. ( seandainya dia tidak menikmati kerja di sini )
10. I love English language. ( saya menyukai bahasa inggris )
~I wish I didn’t love English language. ( seandainya saya tidak mencintai bahasa inggris )

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